Royal Decree-Law 20/2020
Of 29 May, establishing the minimum vital income.

Published on: 02/06/2020

Minimum Vital Income is a benefit for households of any size, including single-person households. For all types of household, at least one year of uninterrupted legal and effective residence in Spain will be required, except in cases of gender-based violence, trafficking and sexual exploitation.

In order for the benefit to be recognised, the household must have a total income lower than the guaranteed income for its cohabitation unit type. In addition, equity (excluding the main residence) of less than 3 times the annual guaranteed income for a single household will be required, with an incremental scale based on the number of household members.

The benefit will be paid monthly in 12 instalments. It can be requested from June 15 but for all applications presented within the first three months, the benefit will be applied retroactively as of June 1.

The application may be submitted via the electronic headquarters of Social Security or by sending the documentation by ordinary mail.

Modification of article 71.1. f) LGSS (Provision of information to management companies of the Social Security financial benefits):

 “f) The Collaborative Mutual Societies with the Social Security Institute will provide telemáticamente to the managing entities people responsible for the management of the financial assistance of the Social Security Institute details that they can affect to the birth, modification, conservation or extinction of the right to the same that they are recognised for those.”

New wording of the one hundred and forty-first additional provision of Act 6/2018, of 3 July, on the General State Budget for 2018:

 «Additional condition hundredth forty-first. Creation of the Social Card Digital (earlier universal social card).

 One. The Digital Social Card is created with the aim of improving and coordinating social protection policies promoted by the different public administrations.

 The Digital Social Card will be allocated to the following uses: 

  1. a) The management of the identifying details of economic content public social security benefits and subjective situations included in its application field and of its payees, through the training of an automated data bank. 
  1. b) The coordinated knowledge and the disclosure of data between affected companies and organisations, in order to to provide the examination and monitoring of the public social security benefits for them managed. 
  1. c) The access and the enquiry of the public administrations and other companies of the public sector integrated in the system that manage public social security benefits of economic content. 
  1. d) The use of statistics with the aim of preparing studies and formulating analyses aimed at improving public social policies.


Two. The Digital Social Card will include the up-to-date information corresponding to all contributory, non-contributory and welfare social security benefits, of economic content, financed charged to public character resources, and also will collect an information on subjective situations considered in the section Four of this additional condition, and will offer, on the basis of this information, functionalities and useful tools to the different public administrations and to the citizens. 

The procedure will be regulated in accordance with the regulations so that citizens can use the functionalities and utilities of the Digital Social Card.

Three. The Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration is assigned, through the National Social Security Institute, to the administration, management and maintenance of the register and the computer system that will support the Digital Social Card and the functionalities inherent therein, in accordance with the requirements contained in this additional provision and its implementing regulations.

Four. The public administrations, companies and organisations and public companies people responsible for the management of the public social security benefits of enumerated economic content in the section Two will provide to the National Social Security Institute the up-to-date information corresponding to the holders' identifying details of financial assistance, as well as, as soon as they determine or they condition the examination and maintenance of the right to those, of the payees, spouses and other members of family units, and amounts and kinds of the credited provisions and the date of effects of its granting or examination. 

Competent organisations depending from the Ministry of the Treasury or, where applicable, of autonomous tax administrations, within every year and in accordance with the article 95 of the Act 58/2003, of 17 December, Tax General, and the autonomous standard equivalent, are obliged to supply to the National Social Security Institute information regarding the income levels of citizens concerned that benefit from public social security benefits of economic content, for which the above-mentioned Institute will send the file of payees to the tax administration that it corresponds in each case so that for this is included for every recipient its income level. 

In turn, the public administrations, companies and organisations with responsibilities of management or of state coordination with regard to disability, dependence, employment demand, large family and any other subjective situation relevant, that thus is determined in accordance with the regulations, they will provide to the National Social Security Institute the up-to-date information on these situations in relation to all citizens concerned. 

The above provisions will be developed in accordance with the principle of cooperation between public administrations in the service of general interest.

Five. The public administrations, entities and bodies responsible for managing public social benefits defined in section Two will have access to all the information on the Digital Social Card. Similarly, citizens will have access to all the information registered about them on the Digital Social Card.

Six. The data processing provided for in the Digital Social Card is based on the public interest of having an integrated computer system that gathers all public social economic benefits and relevant subjective situations affecting citizens. The information contained on the Card will be subject to the current regulations regarding personal data protection for individuals.

Seven. Public social benefits of an economic nature defined in section Two will be gradually added to the Digital Social Card in accordance with the deadlines, requirements and procedures established by regulations.

Eight. The Government is empowered to make such provisions as may be necessary for the implementation and development of this additional provision."


Vigor: 1 June 2020

Download Royal Decree-Law 20/2020