Royal-Decree Law 20/2020 Of 29 May, establishing the minimum vital income.

Published on: 02/06/2020

Minimum Vital Income is a benefit for households of any size, including single-person households. For all types of household, at least one year of uninterrupted legal and effective residence in Spain will be required, except in cases of gender-based violence, trafficking and sexual exploitation.

In order for the benefit to be recognised, the household must have a total income lower than the guaranteed income for its cohabitation unit type. In addition, equity (excluding the main residence) of less than 3 times the annual guaranteed income for a single household will be required, with an incremental scale based on the number of household members.

The benefit will be paid monthly in 12 instalments. It can be requested from June 15 but for all applications presented within the first three months, the benefit will be applied retroactively as of June 1.

The application may be submitted via the electronic headquarters of Social Security or by sending the documentation by ordinary mail.

Modification of article 71.1. f) LGSS (Provision of information to management companies of the Social Security financial benefits):

 "f) The mutual societies collaborating with the Social Security Institute, will provide, via electronic means, the management entities responsible for managing the Social Security financial benefits with the data that may affect the birth, modification, preservation or extinction of the right to the benefits that are recognised by them."

New wording of the one hundred and forty-first additional provision of Act 6/2018, of 3 July, on the General State Budget for 2018:

 "One hundred and forty-first additional provision. Creation of the Digital Social Card (formerly universal social card).

 One. The Digital Social Card is created with the aim of improving and coordinating social protection policies promoted by the different public administrations.

The Digital Social Card will be used for the following purposes:

  1. a) The management of the identifying data of public social economic benefits and subjective situations included in their scope of application and their beneficiaries, through the formation of an automated data bank.
  1. b) Coordinated disclosure and data transfer between the organisations and bodies affected, in order to facilitate the recognition and supervision of the public social benefits they manage.
  1. c) Access and consultation of public administrations and other public sector entities integrated into the system that manage public social economic benefits.
  1. d) The use of statistics with the aim of preparing studies and formulating analyses aimed at improving public social policies.


Two. The Digital Social Card will include updated information on all contributory, non-contributory and welfare social benefits of an economic nature, financed from public funds, and will also include information on the subjective situations provided for in section Four of this additional provision, and will offer, on the basis of this information, functionalities and utilities to the various public administrations and citizens.

The procedure will be regulated in accordance with the regulations so that citizens can use the functionalities and utilities of the Digital Social Card.

Three. The Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration is assigned, through the National Social Security Institute, to the administration, management and maintenance of the register and the computer system that will support the Digital Social Card and the functionalities inherent therein, in accordance with the requirements contained in this additional provision and its implementing regulations.

Four. The public administrations, entities and bodies and public companies responsible for managing public social economic benefits listed in section Two will provide the National Social Security Institute up-to-date information corresponding to the identifying details of the beneficiaries of the economic benefits, as well as, as soon as they determine or condition the recognition and maintenance of the right of to these benefits of the beneficiaries, spouses and other members of family units, and the amounts and categories of the benefits paid and the effective dates of the benefits being granted or recognised.

Competent bodies reporting to the Ministry of Finance or, where applicable, to the autonomous tax administrations, within each annual financial year and in accordance with Article 95 of Act 58/2003, of 17 December, General Tax, and equivalent autonomous regulations, are obliged to provide the National Social Security Institute information regarding the income levels of affected citizens who benefit from public social economic benefits, for which purpose the said Institute will send the file of beneficiaries to the corresponding tax authorities so that the latter can include their income level for each recipient.

In turn, public administrations, entities and bodies with management or state coordination responsibilities with regard to disability, dependence, demand for employment, large family units and any other relevant subjective situation, as determined by regulations, will provide the National Social Security Institute with the updated information on these situations in relation to all the citizens affected.

The above provisions will be developed in accordance with the principle of cooperation between public administrations in the service of general interest.

Five. The public administrations, entities and bodies responsible for managing public social benefits defined in section Two will have access to all the information on the Digital Social Card. Similarly, citizens will have access to all the information registered about them on the Digital Social Card.

Six. The data processing provided for in the Digital Social Card is based on the public interest of having an integrated computer system that gathers all public social economic benefits and relevant subjective situations affecting citizens. The information contained on the Card will be subject to the current regulations regarding personal data protection for individuals.

Seven. Public social benefits of an economic nature defined in section Two will be gradually added to the Digital Social Card in accordance with the deadlines, requirements and procedures established by regulations.

Eight. The Government is empowered to make such provisions as may be necessary for the implementation and development of this additional provision."


Vigor: 1 June 2020

Download Royal Decree-Law 20/2020