An accident while commuting is when a worker has an accident on the way to or from work. It has to fulfill the following requirements:
An accident while travelling for work is an accident that a worker suffers on a journey that s/he has to make in order to carry out their work as well as accidents that occur when carrying out work during the workday.
It is usual in workers that have to travel often for their work during their workday (sales or work meetings, services in other companies, etc.)
For example: car, moped, bicycle, public bus or company coach, skates, walking, etc.
The accident frequency rate (accidents/million km covered) varies greatly, depending on the means of transport chosen. The safest one is public transport and specifically the bus; the next safest is the car; the least safe are the bicycle and the moped.
There are workers who, depending on their type of work, need to make one, two or several journeys in a day: going to and from work in general, travelling for lunch, routes, etc.
Another factor that influences the probability of suffering a work-related accident while commuting is the length of time that a worker needs to travel from their home to work and the characteristics of this journey. Depending on the location of the points of departure and destination, the risks are quantitatively and qualitatively different.
For example: rain, snow, ice, fog, wind, etc.
It can be considered that adverse weather conditions negatively affect driving and they increase the number of accidents.
In this regard, a significant fact is that, in accordance with the Directorate General of Traffic, 10% of people injured and killed in road accidents is due to adverse weather conditions.
For example: motorway, dual carriageway, road, ring road, etc.
In addition to the type of road that the worker has to drive on when travelling between home and work, it is necessary to take into account the accessibility to the work centres or the urban planning around the site. In this case, workers could receive information on the different route possibilities available for travelling to their work centre.
The action plan is structured into different phases to maximise its effectiveness and return: