Early detection of the disease is important to treat it successfully. The information necessary for a good diagnosis and treatment is obtained through medical history, physical examination and complementary examinations.
- Medical history. When a person attends their first visit due to any symptoms or discomfort or as a result of the screening programme, the doctor, before carrying out any tests, will ask many questions related to your health, previous illnesses, your family's illnesses and certain lifestyles, such as dietary habits, work situation, tobacco and alcohol consumption, etc. In addition, the doctor will ask questions such as what has happened to you or how you are feeling, i.e. he/she will ask about the symptoms you have and how they are affecting your everyday life: number of symptoms, main symptom, when you last had it, when and how it started, what makes your symptoms worse and what improves them, along with other related questions.
- Physical examination. It is based on the direct screening of the body, through auscultation, palpation, percussion and observation, to identify signs of the disease. Depending on the result of the examination and depending on the possible diagnoses, the doctor will suggest, if necessary, to carry out a series of tests.
- Complementary examinations or tests. Depending on the assessment of the interview and physical examination by the doctor, he will request any tests that are necessary to be made, confirm or rule out a specific diagnosis and to establish the most appropriate treatment.